The Meaning Behind Qurban

The word Qurban comes from the Arabic verb ‚qaruba‘, which means “to approach”.  This means, in compliance with certain rules at certain times to slaughter certain animals symbolizing sacrifice to show piety to God. Based on the history of mankind, one can see that there is the ritual of sacrifice in almost all religions. These differ only in the purpose and the manner of slaughter. In the Qur’an it is pointed out that the offering is present in all religions (Surah 22; verse 34 “For every community We appointed a rite of sacrifice so that they may pronounce the Name of Allah over the sacrificial animals He has provided for them. For your God is only One God, so submit yourselves to Him ˹alone˺. And give good news ˹O Prophet˺ to the humble: „

The offering is a worship service that is of great benefit to both the individual and the community. By making his offering, a person submits to Allah (s.w.t.) and shows his gratitude towards Allah (s.w.t.).

Through the offering, Muslims remember each time that Abraham (p.b.u.h.) and his son Ishmael (p.b.u.h.) obeyed the command of Allah (s.w.t.) and successfully passed this test.

This symbolizes that you too are ready to obey the commands of Allah (s.w.t.).

From the example of Abraham and Ishmael, Muslims draw the lesson that devotion to God alone has meaning in life. God did not want a person to be sacrificed. However, he examined the willingness of Abraham and Ishmael to make sacrifices.

The offering maintains brotherhood, aid and solidarity, and contributes to the realization of social justice. This feeling is much more noticeable, especially in the regions of the needy, who are unable or only partially able to buy meat.

To the wealthy has come the opportunity to enjoy the sharing and helping of another for Allah (s.w.t.), protecting them from pathological greed and the excessive pursuit of the here and now.

The needy show their gratitude towards Allah (see below) and protect themselves from pessimism towards the „unjust“ world and the „avarice“ of the wealthy. You get the feeling of an equality in society.

Who is eligible to make this offer?

Anyone who, outside of their basic needs and debts, has the equivalent of 80 grams of gold (or something equivalent) should make an offering as a symbol of gratitude for the possession of what Allah (s.w.t.) has given him.

2020 Kurban Kampanyası çerçevesinde dünyanın farklı yerlerindeki ihtiyaç sahiplerine kurban yardımında bulunan WEFA Uluslararası İnsani Yardım Organizasyonu bu sene de muhtaçların yüzünü güldürdü. WEFA’nın kurban yardımlarından 1,6 Milyon’dan fazla kişi faydalandı.

Qurban’s Place in Islam

The Quran emphasizes that Abraham and his son „proved themselves to be devoted“ (37, 103). Abraham’s willingness to make sacrifices as well as the sacrifice of a Muslim should therefore be an expression of unconditional devotion and of unconditional obedience to God. A believer who makes such sacrifice makes his whole life available to God. „When one holds up the sacrificial animals to God, it is an expression of the piety of the heart.“ (Surah 22, 32)

Surah 22:37 speaks against the idea of ​​a “reconciliation” through sacrifice, where it says of the sacrificial animals: “Neither their flesh nor their blood reaches God, but your piety reaches him”. In sacrifice, a Muslim does not hope to be a substitute for his sins, but symbolically offers God his own piety. The idea that something else could take over the punishment on behalf of people and thereby bring about: reconciliation is expressed in the Koran and in Islamic tradition as rejected. (Surah 6,164).