Cataract, is the opacification of the lens in the human eye. Without treatment, vision loss as a result of this occurs. Treatment for this disease can be treated and is only possible with surgery. Cataract is one of the biggest health problems in some countries in the African continent, it is seen that the lack of infrastructure and poor nutrition is the reason for this. The number of ophthalmologists in these countries is very low and such a ophthalmologist treats 40-50 thousand people each on average. It is often possible to see the cataract patients as young and old, and people from all walks of life . Children aged 5-6 are diagnosed more often with eye cataracts, they lack the blessing of seeing and this tingles the hearts of people. Moreover, they live in extremely severe living conditions in the home or camp people are faced with this and are exposed to malnutrition.
The most important reason for cataract is old age. Particularly those over 60 years of age have a higher risk of being exposed to cataract. In addition, eye trauma, previously passed intraocular pressure, eye diseases such as ocular inflammation, or surgery, some chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, long-term steroid medications, radiation therapy, vitamin C deficiency, malnutrition, ultraviolet rays or long exposure to intense light, smoking, alcohol, harmful chemicals and radiation also one of the reasons that trigger cataracts.
The most important factors in congenital cataracts; if the mother is exposed to diseases such as rubella during pregnancy, some medications used, and factors such as exposure to X-rays with baby’s chromosomal inheritance affect the development of cataract. Blurred vision, glare, color separation difficulty, deep loss, painless and increasingly opinions reduction, sensitivity to light, reading difficulty, forked or double vision, yellowing Fading of color, more light needs, subsequent myopia, in a very advanced stage very little whitening of the pupil with blurring of vision.
Without timely intervention cataract progresses. In this case, however, the patient can choose the direction of the light and follow light, but can not see objects.